APPENDIX Z30: Schopenhauer v. Birnbaum

Published on 24 Jun 2016 at 1:34 pm. No Comments.
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Schopenhauer v. Birnbaum
from Wikipedia*
Arthur Schopenhauer (22 February 1788 21 September
1860) was a German
philosopher known for his pessimism
and philosophical clarity.
At age 25, he published his
doctoral dissertation, On the Fourfold Root of the
Principle of Sufcient Reason, which examined the four
separate manifestations of reason in the
Schopenhauer’s most
inuential work, The World as Will
and Representation, claimed that the world is fundamentally
what humans recognize in themselves as their will.
analysis of will led him to the conclusion that
physical, and sexual desires can never be fully
The corollary of this is an ultimately painful
condition. Consequently,
he considered that a lifestyle
of negating desires, similar to the ascetic
teachings of
Vedanta, Buddhism and the
Church Fathers of early
Christianity, was the only
way to attain liberation.

metaphysical analysis of will, his views
on human motivation and desire, and his aphoristic
writing style inuenced many well-known thinkers,
including Friedrich Nietzsche, Richard Wagner, Ludwig
Wittgenstein, Erwin
Schrödinger, Albert Einstein, Sigmund
Freud, Otto Rank, Carl Jung, Joseph Campbell, Leo
Tolstoy, Thomas Mann, and Jorge Luis Borges….”
from the author –
So Schopenhauer’s The World as Will and Representation
posits that the world is
fundamentally ‘will’; and ‘pessimist
school’ Schopenhauer comes to the conclusion that
negating ‘will’ is the ‘route to liberation.
Birnbaum’s Summa Metaphysica posits that the world
is essentially ‘potential’; and, to continue
‘optimist-school’ Birnbaum comes to the
(quick) conclusion that proactive ‘Quest for Potential’ is
the true ‘route to liberation.’
*Wikipedia Online, (accessed May 21, 2012)

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